Sunday, November 19, 2006

The Scientific Rejection of Vitalism (continued).

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05. Practitioners:

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***chiropractors:

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Forciea, B. (DC ?) states:

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[in "Unlocking the Healing Code: Discover the 7 Keys to Unlimited Healing Power"(2007)]

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[a very bizarre 'pro-vitalism' view employing mistaken conceptions of 'information theory']

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"alternative medicine [...] is grounded in the philosophy of vitalism [p.002...] believers in vitalism believe in a vital force [...] some call it chi, others prana, still others energy [...that] separates the living from the nonliving. Alternative systems of healing work to support the vital force [p.003...] science has never been able to measure the vital force or even a vital energy [...] science is yet to measure a vital force [...] this energy is not in any form known to science [...] science's view of life is founded on a different philosophy than vitalism [...per] mechanistic materialism [...] life emerged from matter. There is no hidden vital force, no living energy [p.003...] in the philosophical camp called vitalism, vitalists believed in a vital force, a life force that permeated all living beings. The vital force was what kept things alive, but no one was ever able to measure this mysterious force [p.013]";

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(ISBN 0738710776)

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***medical doctors:

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Barrett, S. (MD ?) states:

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i.

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"science versus vitalism. Science assumes that in order to develop a coherent body of knowledge, it is necessary to assume that supernatural powers do not exist or, if they do exist, they do not interfere. If such interference were possible, then all attempts at controlled experimentation would be either impossible or pointless. Many 'alternative' approaches are rooted in vitalism, the concept that bodily functions are due to a vital principle or 'life force' distinct from the physical forces explainable by the laws of physics and chemistry and detectable by scientific instrumentation. Practitioners whose methods are based on vitalistic philosophy maintain that diseases should be treated by 'stimulating the body's ability to heal itself' rather than by 'treating symptoms.' Homeopaths, for example, claim that illness is due to a disturbance of the body's 'vital force,' which they can correct with special remedies, while many acupuncturists claim that disease is due to imbalance in the flow of 'life energy' (chi or Qi), which they can balance by twirling needles in the skin. Many chiropractors claim to assist the body's 'innate intelligence' by adjusting the patient's spine. Naturopaths speak of 'vis medicatrix naturae.' Ayurvedic physicians refer to 'prana.' And so on. The 'energies' postulated by vitalists cannot be measured by scientific methods. Although vitalists often pretend to be scientific, they really reject the scientific method with its basic assumptions of material reality, mechanisms of cause and effect, and testability of hypotheses. They regard personal experience, subjective judgment, and emotional satisfaction as preferable to objectivity and hard evidence";

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(click here,

http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/altwary.html)

(archived here,

http://web.archive.org/web/20050212085454/http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/altwary.html)

(also, mainly, in "Alternative Medicine and Ethics"(1998), ISBN 0896034402, p.006)

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ii.

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"'Chinese medicine,' often called 'Oriental medicine' or 'traditional Chinese medicine (TCM),' encompasses a vast array of folk medical practices based on mysticism. It holds that the body's vital energy (chi or qi) circulates through 14 hypothetical channels, called meridians, that have branches connected to bodily organs and functions. Illness is attributed to imbalance or interruption of chi [...] the existence of 'meridians,' 'acupuncture points,' or chi has never been scientifically validated [...] the National Council Against Health Fraud has concluded: (a) acupuncture is an unproven modality of treatment, (b) its theory and practice are based on primitive and fanciful concepts of health and disease that bear no relationship to present scientific knowledge";

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(click here,

http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/altmini.html)

(archived here,

http://web.archive.org/web/20050306152146/http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/altmini.html)

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Dooley, T. (ND NCNM, MD OHSUSM) {a vitalist} admits:

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"modern science currently teaches that vital force is an outdated and discredited theory. It is now generally accepted that all of these life functions are the result of biochemical processes. These processes utilize the same basic elements and chemical properties inside living things as occur outside of living things. Therefore, there is no need for any force which is unique to life";

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(click here,

http://www.drdooley.net/Book.pdf)

(archived here,

http://web.archive.org/web/20040426183804/http://www.drdooley.net/Book.pdf)

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